Frozen Shoulder Explained!

Frozen shoulder syndrome is a condition that effects people’s ability to do their daily activities. This article is a resource for education and guidance on what to do if you think you have this condition. It does not take the place of a skilled assessment by a highly trained medical professional (ME!). Feel free to use the information, but if you are not seeing progress I would like you to reach out to me so I can hear your story and be a further resource for you.

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Lions, and Tiger, and KT tape, O My!

The golf world was set ablaze again with the sight of Tiger Woods with Kinesiology Tape on his neck.


The rumors started flying, he is hurt, what is going on, is he done for good this time? 

I wanted to write about Kinesiology Tape to give you some more information about where it came from, what it does or reports to do, and if it is beneficial. 

Where did it come from? 

Kinesiology Tape was developed KT in the 1970’s by a Japanese chiropractor named Dr. Kenzo Kase. It is made of tightly woven elastic fibres, which can be stretched to approximately 120% of their original size.  This elasticity is similar to that of human skin. 

The Kinesio Taping Method first gained recognition outside of Japan in the 1988 summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea. Introduction to the USA occurred in March 1995 in Portland, Oregon at the Northwest Athletic Trainers Association Annual Clinical Symposium. Europe was next to find the value of Kinesio Tex Tape in 1996. The technique is used by Physical Therapists, Occupational Therapists, Certified Athletic Trainers, Massage Therapist, Doctors of Chiropractic, Medical Doctors, Nurses, and Acupuncturists all around the world.


What does it do? 

Some of the purposed benefits of KT tape include: normalization of muscular function, increased vascular and lymphatic flow, reduced pain by neurological suppression, corrected joint misalignment, relieved abnormal muscle tension, and increased proprioception. 

All of these fancy words basically mean that it can help decrease pain by having an effect on your nervous system, it can help with the process of ridding your body of bi products that are harmful to you,  and it can help with stimulating your body to help heal itself. 

Is it beneficial? 

There is conflicting evidence as the effectiveness of KT tape in doing what it reports. The problem with research is that often times it is done in an environment that is more controlled. This means that it is under conditions that are not always the same as a person may experience in the real world. There are better ways to structure a research study to leave it with as little bias as we can, but the scientific process is far from perfect. 

There is a term called placebo that I feel is beneficial to define and explain. A placebo according to Wikipedia is a substance or treatment that has no intended therapeutic value. We often know of this term from studies on drugs. A control groups is often given a placebo drug which can just be a sugar pill and it acts as a way to compare the results of the patient's who are actually receiving the drug under the study. The problem with a sham or placebo taping is that any tape that touches the skin has an effect on the body which is hard to determine. We have nerves in our skin that send signals to the brain which can have an effect on the brains response (thus the purported effect on the nervous system) 

There is a very specific way that is taught on how to apply the kinesio tape. The direction of the taping, the amount of pull, the goal of the tape, the results of the evaluation and the goal of what the tape is helping to do all need to be taken into consideration as to the value they bring to help the patient reach their goals. When I treat a patient, if they mention a prior treatment or approach that was beneficial to them, I know that they have a psychological attachment to that treatment because they found it beneficial before. I am sure going to use that treatment, because I know there is value attached. The mechanism of KT tape may just be psychological in nature, if you think it works it does. The brain and nervous system, our beliefs, our feelings, our past experiences all play a large role in the physiological response of our bodies to treatment. 

We know that when we think about positive things, they tend to happen in our lives. I feel that this holds true in medicine as well, we can't forget how powerful the mind is in healing our bodies.


Remember that I am always here to be a resource for you. My name is Brian Murphy, I am a doctor of physical therapy and owner of Pinnacle Physical Therapy in West Little Rock, Arkansas. Please e-mail me if you have any questions: or shoot me a call or text to 501-529-2010. 

Thanks and here's to helping you reach your PINNACLE! 



Swimmers, Why Do Your Shoulders Hurt?

All of those dedicated hours in the pool to get ready for your next big meet. Have you ever wondered why your shoulder hurts when you swim? I am going to write a series of blogs discussing some of the causes of shoulder pain in swimmers and what you can do about them. 

Shoulder Impingement

Anatomy of the Shoulder

Anatomically the shoulder joint is a very unstable joint. I equate it to a golf ball sitting on a golf tee. The ball is the head of your humerus (upper arm bone) and the tee is the glenoid fossa ( socket which is part of the scapula or shoulder blade). The shoulder relies heavily on ligaments, muscles, and cartilage to help provide stability. 

The shoulder joint from the back (left picture).  Shoulder joint from the front (right picture). And looking at the glenoid fossa (where the upper arm bone joins with the shoulder blade)

The shoulder joint from the back (left picture).  Shoulder joint from the front (right picture). And looking at the glenoid fossa (where the upper arm bone joins with the shoulder blade)

Impingement Explained

Impingement is when the humerus glides upward and causes stress on structures that sit under your acromion (part of your shoulder blade). There are a lot of pain sensitive structures that lie under this subacromial space, namely your rotator cuff musculature and your bursa sac. The rotator cuff is the musculature that helps to perform certain movements of the arm and shoulder blade as well as what helps to provide stability to the joint. A bursa sac is a fluid filled sac that helps to dampen forces and helps the shoulder joint move more freely. During the recovery phase or above water portion of the swim stroke the arm is going into a flexed and internally rotated position. This position along with the force of the water during hand entry puts a lot of stress on the shoulder joint and its surrounding structures. 

The supraspinatus muscle (shown below) and its tendon are often affected in impingement of the shoulder. 


This muscle plays a key role is stabilizing the head of the humerus to prevent it from migrating upward into the acromion. This muscle along with others are susceptible to fatigue as the swimmer's practice progresses. This is where performing specific dry land training exercises helps to strengthen and build the endurance of those muscles. 

Try this exercise: It has shown a large level of contraction in the supraspinatus muscle. Make sure you are using a weight that you can perform 2-3 sets of 15 to 20 repetitions. Don't raise your arms straight ahead, but angled out slightly. 


If you can't seem to get a handle on your shoulder pain. Give me a call or shoot me an e-mail and I will be able to do a thorough assessment to find your impairments that are leading to the true cause of your pain. 

Click on Pinnacle Physical Therapy below to head to my website for more information about me and my practice. Please like my FB page 'Pinnacle Physical Therapy.' I will be posting some cool videos on there specifically to keep Central Arkansas Swimmers healthy!